We understand that our international customers want to know where their products come from, how they are transported and how they are processed at our facilities. We have provided a step-by-step breakdown of how we handle several different products for your information. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us.
SPF Wood chips
- SPF (spruce-pine-fir mixture) wood chips are by-products of B.C. interior sawmill production.
- Wood chips are blown into wood chip cars (open top gondolas) via a wig-wag spout that compacts the chips into the railcar to maximize payload.
- CN Rail picks up the loaded cars at the sawmill site and transports them to Fibreco’s operation in North Vancouver.
- Chip cars are accumulated in the CN North Van rail yard until 69 cars are accumulated for one shift of dumping.
- Wood chips are dumped at the roll-over dumper whereby the whole dumper rotates 180 degrees to empty the wood chips into the dumper pit.
- The empty cars are released to CN to travel back to the supplying sawmills.
- The chips are then moved by an incline conveyor belt that transport the wood chips either into the designated storage piles based on species or directly into a vessel or barge.
- Barges are loaded by gravity drop from the shiploader chute at a rate of 800 green metric tonnes per hour (GMT/hour).
- Chips going into deep sea vessels are pneumatically blown through an articulating shiploader spout into the hatch of the vessel for maximum compaction and payload.
- A typical full cargo of chips is 19,000 bone dry metric tonnes (BDMTs) and takes about three days to load operating 24 hours a day.
Douglas Fir Wood chips
- Douglas Fir wood chips are by-products of coastal sawmill and plywood production.
- These wood chips are stored at the supplying mill until sufficient cargo (about 800 bone dry metric tons (BDMTs)) are available for barge loading.
- The barges are loaded by gravity and transported by Seaspan Marine Corporation to our off-loading ramp.
- Front end loaders with chip buckets pick up the chips in the barge, deposit them on a grizzly, and the wood chips are conveyed to storage.
- Wood chips that are deposited onto the pile are reclaimed by bulldozers that push the wood chips into a reclaim hopper and enter the conveyor stream that takes the wood chips to the loading berth.
- Wood pellets are produced by our handling customers from sawmill residues such as sawdust and shavings, plus logging debris and tree tops.
- These materials are ground up and fed into the pelletizer that extrudes wood pellets to exact specifications as required by their customers.
- The wood pellets are then loaded into grain type cars from the top and the lids are enclosed to ensure dryness.
- The cars are picked by CN Rail and delivered to Fibreco’s North Vancouver terminal.
- The cars have three or four bottom hoppers which are opened over the grates at the dumper for the wood pellets to drop into an enclosed chute in the dumper. 45 cars are dumper in one eight hour shift.
- The wood pellets are then conveyed into the silos or shed for storage and await the vessel.
- Wood pellets from the different producers are generally comingled in storage.
- Exceptions are made to segregate storage when the end user requires a specific grade of wood pellets.
- The silos are flat bottomed with an auguring system at the floor of each silo. Each silo also has five gates to allow product flow into the conveyor stream.
- Wood pellets stored in the shed are reclaimed by a front end loader and the wood pellets are fed into the conveyor by a drag chain reclaim.
- Wood pellets are transported into the shiploader and loaded into the vessel hatch.
- Average loading speed of wood pellets is around 500 metric tonnes per hour.
- Typical handymax vessels hold 45,000 metric tonnes and will take about five full days to load a vessel.